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Dr. Leslie L. Liedel
Department Chair
Email: liedel@wju.edu
Phone: 304-243-2334

Dr. Jeffrey Rutherford

Dr. Jeff Rutherford came to Wheeling Jesuit in the fall semester of 2008. He received his Ph.D. in History (2007) from the University of Texas.  He specializes in modern German history with research focus on the German Army and its combat and occupation practices in the Soviet Union during the Second World War.  He is interested in military history, the development and practice of total war, Europe during the "Age of Ideologies" and comparative ethnic cleansing and genocide.

Classes Taught:

  • The History of the Holocaust
  • The Ordeal of Total War: The Second World War in Europe and Asia
  • Modern Russia and the Soviet Union, 1854-1989
  • Comparative Genocide in the Modern World
  • The World in the Twentieth Century


Ph.D. in Modern European History, University of Texas at Austin, May 2007
MA in Modern European History, State University of New York at Albany, May 1998
BA in History, State University of New York at Binghamton, May 1996


"Life and Death in the Demiansk Pocket: The 123rd Infantry Division in Combat and Occupation" in Central European History, Volume 41, Number 3, September 2008

"Fascism," in Encyclopedia of Protest and Revolution, ed. Immanuel Ness (Oxford University Press, 2009)

 "One senses danger from all sides, especially from fanatical civilians:' The 121st Infantry Division and Partisan War, June 1941-April 1942" in War in the Twilight World, ed. Ben Shepherd and Juliette Pattinson (Palgrave MacMillan, 2009)

Publications in Preparation:
Co-Editor, Germany's Total War in the East: 1941 and the Radicalization of Nazi Policy

"The Radicalization of German Occupation: Wirtschaftsstab Ost and the 121st Infantry Division in Pavlovsk, 1941," in Germany's Total War in the East: 1941 and the Radicalization of Nazi Policy

"The Second World War in Global History," in Modern World History, on-line textbook

Germans into Nazis? The German Infantry's War in Northwest Russia, 1941-1944, Manuscript

Conference Papers:

 "The German Infantry's War in Northwest Russia, 1941-1942," Partisan and Anti-Partisan Warfare in German-Occupied Europe, 1939-1945, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Great Britain, June 2007

"The 123rd Infantry Division and the Battle for the Demiansk Pocket" Missouri Valley History Conference, University of Nebraska at Omaha, March 2008

"German Soldiers and Russian Civilians: A War of Ideology?" International Cluster, Roanoke College, March 2008

"The Implementation of Hungerpolitik on the Ground Level: The 121st ID and the Occupation of Pavlovsk, September 1941-April 1942" Society for Military History Conference, Weber State University, April 2008

"Crisis in Northwest Russia: Starvation Policies, German Soldiers and Soviet Civilians, Winter 1941-1942," Rush Holt Conference, West Virginia University, April 2009

"Feeding is a Crime": German Occupation Policy in Northwest Russia," Centre for Second World War Studies and British Commission on Military History, Birmingham University, Great Britain, July 2009

"The population...shouted that one would rather be shot instead of being left to starve': Food and German Occupation Policy in the Soviet Union," Southern Historical Association, Louisville, November 2009

Published Reviews:

Review of Shlomo Venezia, Inside the Gas Chambers: Eight Months in the Sonderkommando of Auschwitz, H-Net German, July 2009

Review of Wolfram Wette, The Wehrmacht: History, Myth and Reality, Journal of Contemporary History, March 2009

Review of Wendy Lower and Ray Brandon (eds), The Shoah in Ukraine: History, Testimony, Memorialization, H-Net German, January 2009

Review of Rolf-Dieter Muller, An der Seite der Wehrmacht: Hitler's ausländische Helfer beim "Krezzug gegen den Bolschewismus" 1941-1945, H-Net German, August 2008

Review of Oliver von Wrochen, Erich von Manstein: Vernichtungskrieg und Geschichtspolitik, H-Net German, February 2008

Review of Jens Westemeier, Joachim Peiper: Himmler's SS Commander, H-Net German,  October 2007

Review of Martyn Houdson, Hans Frank, Lebensraum and the Holocaust, H-Net
German, October 2006

Review of Wendy Lower, Empire-Building and the Holocaust in Ukraine, H-Net
 German, April 2006

Review of Karel Berkhoff, Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine under Nazi
Rule, H-Net German, March 2005

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