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Daniel Weimer
Department Chair
Email: dweimer@wju.edu
Phone: 304-243-2004

Dr. Jeffrey Rutherford

Dr. Jeff Rutherford came to Wheeling Jesuit University in the fall semester of 2008. He received his Ph.D. in History (2007) from the University of Texas. He specializes in modern German history with a research focus on the German Army and its combat and occupation practices in the Soviet Union during the Second World War. He is interested in military history, the development and practice of total war, Europe during the "Age of Ideologies" and comparative ethnic cleansing and genocide.

His monograph Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front: The German Infantry's War, 1941-1944 (Cambridge University Press, 2014) was simultaneously published in both cloth and paperback.

He is also co-editor of the volume Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide and Radicalization (Rochester University Press, 2012 [paperback, 2014]).

Classes Taught:

  • Senior Seminar: The Second World War
  • Ignatian Junior/Senior Honor's Seminar: Total War
  • Twentieth Century Germany
  • Modern Russia, 1854-1991
  • Comparative Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Modern World
  • The History of the Holocaust
  • The World in the Twentieth Century
  • The Art of War in the West, 1770-1945
  • Modern Western Civilization, 1500-Present
  • The Ordeal of Total War: The Second World War in Europe and Asia
  • Ph.D. in Modern European History, University of Texas at Austin, May 2007
  • MA in Modern European History, State University of New York at Albany, May 1998
  • BA in History, State University of New York at Binghamton, May 1996
Peer-Reviewed Publications:
Combat and Genocide in the East: The German Infantry's War, 1941-1944 (Cambridge University Press, 2014), [Published in both cloth and paperback versions]

Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide and Radicalization, co-editor with Alex J. Kay and David Stahel, (University of Rochester Press, 2012 [paperback, January 2014])

"The Radicalization of German Occupation: Wirtschaftsstab Ost and the 121st Infantry Division in Pavlovsk, 1941," in Nazi Policy on the Eastern Front, 1941: Total War, Genocide and Radicalization, eds. Alex J. Kay, Jeff Rutherford, David Stahel (University of Rochester Press, 2012)

"The German Army, 1871-1945," in Oxford Bibliographies Online: Military History, ed. Dennis Showalter (Oxford University Press, 2012 [updated August 2014])

"'One senses danger from all sides, especially from fanatical civilians:' The 121st Infantry Division and Partisan War, June 1941-April 1942" in War in the Twilight World, eds. Ben Shepherd and Juliette Pattinson (Palgrave MacMillan, 2010)

"Fascism," in Encyclopedia of Protest and Revolution, ed. Immanuel Ness (Oxford University Press, 2009)

"Life and Death in the Demiansk Pocket: The 123rd Infantry Division in Combat and Occupation" in Central European History, Volume 41, Number 3, September 2008

Text Book Chapters:
"The Second World War in Global History," in Modern World History, on-line textbook, (National Social Science Press, 2010)

Present Projects:
Article Manuscript "The Culmination of the Vernichtungskrieg: The German Infantry's War, 1943-1944," under peer-review with Global War Studies

Book Manuscript on German scorched earth retreats, with an emphasis on the Eastern Front

"Wheeling at War:" Oral History Interview Project with Ohio Valley Veterans of the Second World War

Selected Conference Papers:
"The Culmination of the Vernichtungskrieg: The German Infantry's War, 1943-1944," at the conference "1944: Seventy Years On," Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, United Kingdom, April 2014

"1943: Army Group North's Year of Decision," German Studies Association, Louisville, September 2011

"'Feeding is a Crime': German Occupation Policy in Northwest Russia," Centre for Second World War Studies and British Commission on Military History, Birmingham University, Great Britain, July 2009

"The Implementation of Hungerpolitik on the Ground Level: The 121st ID and the Occupation of Pavlovsk, September 1941-April 1942" at the Society for Military History Conference, Weber State University, April 2008

"The German Infantry's War in Northwest Russia, 1941-1942," at the conference "Partisan and Anti-Partisan Warfare in German-Occupied Europe, 1939-1945," Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007

Selected Book Reviews:
Review of Jorg Echternkamp (ed.), German Wartime Society 1939-1945: Exploitation, Interpretations, Exclusion, vol. IX/II, Germany and the Second World War, in German History, forthcoming winter 2014

Review of Waitman Beorn, Marching into Darkness: The Wehrmacht and the Holocaust in Belarus, in Michigan War Studies Review, August 2014

Review of Niklas Zetterling and Anders Frankson, The Drive on Moscow: Operation Taifun and Germany's First Crisis in World War II, in Global War Studies, forthcoming fall 2014

Review of Sonke Neitzel and Harald Welzer, Soldaten: On Fighting, Killing, and Dying. The Secret World War II Transcripts of German POWs, in Shofar, Spring 2014

Review of Frank Ellis, The Stalingrad Cauldron: Inside the Encirclement and Destruction of the 6th Army, in Michigan War Studies Review, January 2014

Review of Evan Mawdsley, December 1941: Twelve Days that Began a World War, in History: Reviews of New Books, January 2014

Review of Sebastian Lehman, Robert Bohn and Uwe Danker (eds), Reichskommissariat Ostland. Tatort und Erinnerungsobjekt, in The English Historical Review, December 2013

Review of Matthias Strohn, The German Army and the Defence of the Reich: Military Doctrine and the Conduct of the Defensive Battle 1918-1938, in Journal of Contemporary History, July 2013

Review of Ben Shepherd, Terror in the Balkans: German Armies and Partisan Warfare, in Canadian Journal of History, Winter 2012

Review of Stephen Fritz, Ostkrieg: Hitler's War of Extermination in the East, in German History, September 2012

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